What is Vedanta Philosophy: 7 Points to Unveil Wisdom

What is Vedanta Philosophy

Introduction: What is Vedanta Philosophy

I have talked about various philosophies including stoicism, African philosophy, and yoga in this blog. In this article, I am going to talk about the basics of Vedanta philosophy from India and answer what is Vedanta philosophy for beginners and seekers of wisdom!

Vedanta is a philosophical system that originated from the teachings found at the conclusion of the Vedas, the ancient sacred texts of India. It is considered the most advanced and profound of all Indian philosophical systems, emphasizing the ultimate reality (Brahman) and the interconnectedness of all things. 

Vedanta has played a significant role in shaping Indian thought and continues to be a source of inspiration for many seekers of truth.

But how to understand the Vedanta? What is Vedanta philosophy? What are the few fundamentals we must know before exploring this vast sea of knowledge? 

Let us explore!

What is Vedanta Philosophy: 7 Points to Unveil Wisdom

Core Concepts of Vedanta

The answer to what is Vedanta philosophy lies in its core concepts.

Vedanta explores the nature of reality and the relationship between the individual soul (Atman) and the ultimate reality (Brahman). It is divided into three main schools of thought:

Advaita (Non-dualism): This school teaches that there is only one ultimate reality, Brahman and that the individual soul (Atman) is identical to Brahman. According to Advaita, the perceived duality of the world is an illusion (Maya), and true knowledge is realizing the non-dual nature of reality. 

Dvaita (Dualism): In contrast to Advaita, Dvaita asserts that there are two ultimate realities – Brahman and the individual soul (Atman). The world is seen as real and distinct from Brahman, and the goal is to establish a loving relationship between the individual soul and Brahman.

Vishishtadvaita (Qualified non-dualism): This school teaches that while Brahman is the ultimate reality, the individual souls and the material world are real but are also dependent on Brahman. There is a qualified non-duality between Brahman, the individual souls, and the world.

Also Read: Six Schools Of Indian Philosophy: Unveiling The Depth Of Wisdom

Key Texts of Vedanta

You cannot go into the depths of the exploration of what is Vedanta philosophy without the knowledge of the key texts, right?

The philosophical teachings of Vedanta are primarily found in three texts:

The Upanishads: These are a collection of ancient texts that explore the nature of reality, the self, and the ultimate truth. They form the foundation of Vedanta philosophy and are considered authoritative by its followers.

The Upanishads have been the solace of my life; they shall be my solace in death.” –Nietzsche

The Bhagavad Gita: This sacred Hindu scripture presents a synthesis of Vedanta philosophy and various paths to spiritual realization. It emphasizes the importance of selfless action and devotion to God. It is perhaps the most famous religious book out there in the world!

The Brahma Sutras: Also known as the Vedanta Sutras, these are aphoristic statements that summarize the teachings of the Upanishads and form the basis of Vedanta philosophy.

Also Read: How To Understand Taoism: A Comprehensive Overview

The Ultimate Reality (Brahman)

You will have to understand the concept of Brahman when on the quest of seeking an answer to what is vedanta philosophy.

Brahman is the ultimate reality according to Vedanta. It is described as being beyond the material world and all dualities, such as good and evil, light and darkness. Brahman is the unchanging, eternal, and infinite source of all existence. 

The goal of Vedanta is to realize one’s identity with Brahman, thereby attaining liberation (Moksha) from the cycle of birth and death (samsara).

The Concept of Maya

You know brahman, what is vedanta philosophy and the key texts related to it. But what is Maya? 

Maya is a central concept in Vedanta that refers to the illusion of the material world. According to Vedanta, the material world is not ultimately real but is a product of Maya, which veils the true nature of Brahman. Through knowledge and self-realization, one can overcome Maya and perceive the true reality beyond it.

Read: Wisdom From Ancient Philosophers That Still Resonates Today

The Goal of Vedanta (Moksha)

Okay! Now you know what is vedanta philosophy but what is its goal?

Well, the ultimate goal of Vedanta is to attain liberation (Moksha) from the cycle of birth and death (samsara) and to realize one’s true nature as Brahman

This is achieved through spiritual practice, self-inquiry, and the cultivation of virtues such as compassion, truthfulness, and non-violence. Moksha is seen as the highest state of being, where the individual soul is united with Brahman.

The ultimate goal, therefore, is the unity of the Atman with the Brahman.

Ethical and Moral Values in Vedanta

Just like stoicism, Vedanta emphasizes the importance of ethical and moral values in one’s life. It teaches that self-realization is not only a philosophical or intellectual pursuit but also a practical one that must be reflected in one’s actions and behavior toward others. Ethical conduct is seen as essential for spiritual growth and the attainment of liberation.

Read: How To Apply Philosophy In Real Life:7 Transformative Ways

Modern Influence and Relevance

After knowing what is vedanta philosophy and its age, you might wonder, whether it is relevant today or not! Well, this is the beauty of Vedanta!

Despite being ancient, Vedanta continues to have a profound influence on modern thought. 

Its teachings have inspired many great thinkers, both in India and in the West, and its message of universal love, non-duality, and self-realization remains relevant in today’s world. 

Vedanta’s emphasis on the unity of all beings and the interconnectedness of all things has the potential to transform our understanding of ourselves and the world around us.

Read: Why I Love Philosophy: My Top 7 Philosophical Tools

Conclusion: what is Vedanta philosophy

Vedanta philosophy offers profound insights into the nature of reality, the self, and the ultimate truth. Its teachings have the potential to transform our understanding of the world and ourselves, leading us toward a deeper realization of our interconnectedness with all beings and the ultimate reality (Brahman).

This comprehensive guide to answer what is Vedanta philosophy provides a foundational understanding of its key concepts, texts, and goals. By exploring these teachings, one can embark on a transformative journey toward self-realization and spiritual fulfillment.

I hope this piece of writing on what is Vedanta philosophy has provided you with a basic insight into the concept of this great philosophy. Feel free to write down your queries, doubts, and feedback in the comments below, and do not forget to follow TheFreedomSage on Twitter.

Cheers to your success! 

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